This page presents Mozambique's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.
Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.
Mozambique has a tropical to sub-tropical climate. Rainfall distribution in Mozambique follows a north-south gradient, with more rainfall along the coast, where the annual average varies between 800 and 1200 mm. The inland high-altitude areas in the north and central regions receive approximately 1000 mm, whereas the inland central and south areas receive about 600 mm of rainfall. The south of Mozambique is generally drier with an average rainfall lower than 800 mm, decreasing to as low as 300 mm. Temperatures are warmest near the coast, compared with colder temperatures higher inland. Typical average temperatures at the coast are 25°C - 27°C in the summer and 20°C - 23°C in winter. The average temperatures in the southern region are 24°C - 26°C in summer and 20°C - 22°C in winter.