Country

Uruguay

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Uruguay.

Country Context

Uruguay is located in the temperate zone of South America, between latitudes 30° and 35° S and longitudes 53° and 58° W. The country is separated from Argentina by the Uruguay River to the west, and shares borders with Brazil in the north and northeast. The southern coasts stretch along the Rio de la Plata (west) and the Atlantic Ocean (east). The continental territory covers 176,215 km2 of which 144,500 km2 are agricultural land. Uruguay’s GDP (PPP adjusted) is estimated at USD 78.15 billion (2017) with services contributing 68.8%, industry 6.2% and agriculture 6.2%. GDP per capita (PPP) is estimated at USD 22,400 (CIA Factbook). The country's total population is 3,380,177 inhabitants, and approximately 70% of the population lives in coastal areas.

Uruguay's vulnerability to climate change is high, particularly in terms of coastal zones, both because of the higher certainty of sea level rise and the high exposure of critical economic and natural resources on the coastline. On the other hand, many other sectors dependent on natural resources including forestry, agriculture and livestock offer considerable potential for mitigating climate change through carbon sequestration (OECD). Natural resource management therefore is a critical link in Uruguay’s efforts to both adapt to and help mitigate climate change. Uruguay ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 1994. Since then, it has submitted four National Communications to the UNFCCC and its Nationally Determined Contribution.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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