Country

France

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting France.

Country Context

France is located between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, between latitudes 41°N and 51°N. With a surface area of 550,000 km2, France is the largest of the European Union countries. In 2017, the population of France was 67 million, including 64.9 million in mainland France. The French economy is mainly a service economy with the tertiary sector accounting for 76.7% of the labor force, while the primary sector (such as agriculture, fishing) accounts for only 2.8%. Nearly 60% of France’s mainland surface area is used for agriculture, 34% is forests and natural or semi-natural environments, and just under 6% corresponds to urbanized land. France is a major livestock farming country in the European Union with the highest number of bovine livestock. Overall, mainland France enjoys a temperate climate. However, the regions experience climates that vary according to their latitude, altitude and their proximity to the sea and to the three major mountain ranges (Pyrenees, Massif Central, Alps). There are five main types of climates in mainland France: oceanic, altered oceanic, semi-continental, mountainous, and Mediterranean (Seventh National Communication, 2017). France submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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