Climate Change Overview

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Equatorial Guinea's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Equatorial Guinea's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Equatorial Guinea is composed of two regions, one continental and one insular consisting of two fundamental islands, Bioko and Annobon and smaller islands such as Corisco, Elobey Grande, Elobey Chico and Mbañe. It has total surface area of 28,051.46 km2 distributed. The continental part limits to the north with the Ntem River and Cameroon, to the south and east with Gabon and to the west with the Atlantic Ocean. It shares the maritime borders with Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Gabon and Cameroon. The population of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea is over 1.4 million (2020) people. The country has been one of the fastest growing economies in Africa in the past decade. After the discovery of large oil reserves in the 1990s, Equatorial Guinea became the third-largest producer of oil in Sub-Saharan Africa, after Nigeria and Angola. More recently, substantial gas reserves have also been discovered.

The country is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change from rising sea level, increasing temperature and decreasing precipitation, and extreme weather events. These impacts effect its key sectors, such as agriculture, which will further impact the health and wellbeing of its population.