Equatorial Guinea

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Equatorial Guinea.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Equatorial Guinea's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Equatorial Guinea's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a country located in Central Africa. With an area of 28,000 km2, it shares borders with the Republic of Cameroon to the North, Gabon to the South and East and the Equatorial Atlantic Ocean to the West. The country is comprised of two regions: the insular region and the continental region, which covers a large part of the country's surface. The climate of Equatorial Guinea is categorized as "tropical rainforest" according to Köppen, with features of "tropical savannah" at its easternmost end. The geographical conditions that significantly modify the climate of the territory in its continental part (Muni River) are the existence of the coast and the relief of the southern portion, mainly in the southeastern part where Monte Mitra is located (1200 m). The population of Equatorial Guinea is 1,014,999 inhabitants, with more than 70% of the population living in rural rural areas and the economy is highly dependent on the extraction of oil and liquefied gas, as well as the export of wood, cocoa and coffee.