Country

Solomon Islands

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Solomon Islands.

Country Context

The Solomon Islands are an archipelago located in the Melanesian region of the Pacific, south-east of Papua New Guinea. Considered the “Amazon of the Seas”, the country’s expansive area covers a unique range of atolls, mountains, and salt-water lagoons, and has some of the world’s richest marine diversity. Agriculture, forestry, and fishing are the mainstay of the economy, with agriculture contributing nearly 36% of gross domestic product in 2006. Land degradation and deforestation are serious concerns in the Solomon Islands, as logging is a critical source of revenue for the country. The Solomon Islands, like all Small Island Developing States (SIDS), have been identified as one of the most vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. This is due in large part to the fact that the majority of the population lives within 1.5 km of the coastline. In addition, high poverty rates, excessive dependence on foreign aid, and remoteness make the Solomon Islands particularly vulnerable to climate variability and change.

The Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology (MECDM) is the coordinator and central point for climate change engagement with all development partners including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Solomon Islands National Climate Change Policy (2012-2017) laid out an initial pathway to integrate climate change policy into the National Development Strategy, and strengthen capacity to mitigate and adapt to the negative impacts of climate change. The Solomon Islands ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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