Country

Botswana

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Botswana.

Country Context

Botswana lies between 20.0°-29.4˚ E and 17.8°-26.8˚ S. Botswana occupies an area of 600,370 km2, of which 581,730 km2 are land area and 18,640 km2 are covered by Okavango swamps. It is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, dominated in geographical terms by the Kalahari Desert - a sand-filled basin averaging 1,100 meters above sea level. Botswana is bordered by Zambia and Zimbabwe to the northeast, Namibia to the north and west, and South Africa to the south and southeast. With a GNP of about 5.1 billion USD and a population of about 1,680,863, Botswana is categorized as a lower middle income country, with its GNP per capita being 3,166 USD in 2002 (Botswana’s Second National Communication, 2011).

Botswana is generally an arid country, with little surface water except in the far north. Surface water resources are the main source of water supply for urban areas. Groundwater is the main source of portable water supply in Botswana. Much of the country (about 66 percent) depends entirely on groundwater. The growing pressure on water resources is a result of the increases in population, rapid urbanization and development. With more people moving into the cities and major settlements, the demand on water resources has increased, presenting a serious problem to the country which is drought prone.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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