Country

Ecuador

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Ecuador.

Country Context

Ecuador is located in the northwestern part of South America and borders Colombia, Peru and the Pacific Ocean. Ecuador is highly exposed to floods and associated landslides. The country faces numerous environmental and socioeconomic challenges, such as erosion and unregulated land use, desertification, deforestation, overexploitation of resources, pollution, poverty, health problems, and high population density in the coastal and mountain regions, which make it extremely vulnerable to a changing climate. The poverty rates in Ecuador are disproportionately higher in the indigenous group: 87% for the entire ethnic group and 96% in the rural highlands, while for non-indigenous people the poverty rate is 61%. Poverty is greater in rural areas where the population has limited access to health, education, and sanitation. However, in the last decades, significant migration flows to the cities have changed the demographic dynamics of the country, increasing urban poverty rates as well.

The Ministry of the Environment (MAE) is the national institution in charge of developing and implementing climate change policies. The strategic objectives of the MAE are to conserve biodiversity, prevent contamination, maintain and improve environmental quality at the local and national levels. The National Climate Change Strategy 2012-2025 was also formulated to achieve adaptation and mitigation outcomes. The MAE also defines the rules regarding adequate environmental quality based on the conservation principles and appropriate use of biodiversity and natural resources. Ecuador ratified the Paris Agreement on September 20, 2017 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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