Country

Somalia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Somalia.

Country Context

Located in the Horn of Africa, Somalia is one of the poorest and most fragile countries in the world. Poverty in Somalia and Somaliland is severe, with only 26 percent of 15- to 55-year-olds in rural Somaliland and 33 percent in urban Somaliland are employed (wage or self-employment). Climate plays a key role for Somalia’s economy and livelihoods as its economy is predominated by agricultural activities. Historical climate data indicates that 2017 is the fourth consecutive year of below-average harvests for the Somali agriculture sector. The agricultural crop production is – like in most Sub-Saharan countries – mainly rain-fed and hence, depends on a stable level of precipitation and temperature. With increasing levels of food prices, purchasing power continues to decrease at the same time. According to Somalia’s National Adaptation Program of Action, droughts and floods pose the most severe hazards to the country. For the water sector, declining ground water levels drive up water prices and increase the likelihood of a conflict over water.

Somalia developed their National Adaptation Program of Action or NAPA in 2013, in consultation with the United Nations Development Programme. It identifies three major programmatic areas: (1) Sustainable Land Management to protect forests and improve land use; (2) Water Resources Management to develop national water resources management plan, and (3) Disaster Management to strengthen disaster management agency. Given low mitigation level, the NAPA serves as a policy guideline for climate change. Somalia ratified the Paris Agreement on April 22, 2016. Its Nationally Determined Contribution was prepared by the Ministry of Environment.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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