Country

Albania

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Albania.

Country Context

Albania is a small, mountainous country located in southeastern Europe facing the Adriatic Sea. Albania has many water resources that constitute an important source of hydropower, including torrential rivers and glacial, karstic and tectonic lakes. After almost 50 years of Communist government prohibiting private ownership and private enterprise, leading the country to an economic isolation, many economic reforms took place and the country saw a quick economic growth. Less than half the population live in urban areas. Poverty is 66% higher in rural areas than in Tirana, the capital, and it is 50% higher in rural areas than in other urban centers. People in the rural areas depend on agriculture for their livelihood. The high rate of poverty in Albania makes the country more vulnerable to extreme events such as floods, earthquakes, extreme temperatures, epidemics, and sea level rise.

The Ministry of Environment is the focal point for coordinating and developing climate strategy in Albania. Albania is a part of European Union legislation, including legislation on climate change and is a contracting party of the Energy Community Treaty. Albania ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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