Country

Azerbaijan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Azerbaijan.

Country Context

Azerbaijan is the largest of the three countries of the southern Caucasus by area, lying at the boundaries of Europe and Asia. The country is bounded to the east by an 850km Caspian Sea coast and to the north by the Greater Caucasus mountain range, and is covered by an substantial river network as part of the Caspian Sea basin. Azerbaijan had an estimated population of 9.8 million in 2017 (World Bank, 2018) and has been classified as an upper-middle income country since 2016. This classification reflects the very high growth in GDP per capita, which in 2014 stood at over eight times its 2004 level, as a result of a substantial increase in oil and gas production. The oil and gas sector represented 88% of the country’s exports in 2016 (OEC, 2016). In terms of employment, the services sector represented 49.3% of jobs in 2017, followed by the agricultural (36.4%) and industrial (14.4%) sectors (ILO, 2017).

Azerbaijan has signed and ratified the Paris Climate Agreement. In its Nationally Determined Contribution, the country has outlined climate change mitigation actions in its energy, oil and gas, residential and commercial, transport, agricultural and waste sectors. These actions primarily entail technological improvements to reduce the negative environmental impact of various sectors of the economy, together with some regulatory changes and public awareness measures. Additionally, adaptation measures in the areas of agriculture, water supply, forestry, coastal communities, human health and tourism have been identified in the country’s Third National Communication to the UNFCCC (Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, 2015) and Azerbaijan is expected to release a national adaptation plan soon (USAID, 2017).

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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