Country

St. Kitts and Nevis

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting St. Kitts and Nevis.

Country Context

The islands of St. Kitts and Nevis are located in the northern part of the Lesser Antilles. The topography of the islands consists of a mixture of lowlands, which are used for development or farming, and slopes, which are mainly associated with volcanic mountain ranges. The coastal and marine waters of St. Kitts and Nevis host a range of ecosystems including coral reefs, freshwater lagoons, seagrass beds and mangroves. Gross domestic product for the country in 2014 was estimated at US $833.3 million, giving the country a “high income” status. Major economic sectors in the country include banking and insurance, wholesale and retail trade, construction, and manufacturing, with agriculture playing a less significant role. With over 60% of the population residing in coastal areas and a substantial coastal tourism sector, the country is significantly vulnerable to sea level rise and the threats of accelerated coastal erosion and flooding. These threats are exacerbated by human-induced deforestation and steep slopes throughout the country. 

The Department of Environment under the Ministry of Agriculture, Marine Resources, Cooperatives, Environment and Human Settlement is the lead agency for environmental management. The National Conservation and Environmental Protection Act (NCEPA) provides the legislative authority for the management and development of natural and historic resources in St. Kitts and Nevis. The purposes and objectives of NCEPA have linkages to climate change adaptation and other aspects of sustainable development. St. Kitts and Nevis ratified the Paris Agreement on April 22, 2016, and its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas. 

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.  

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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