Central African Republic

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Central African Republic.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Central African Republic's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Central African Republic's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country within Central Africa just north of the equator. Poverty is widespread in the country, with 67.2% of the population living below the poverty line. The country has an abundance of natural resources, but they are under exploited due to inadequate infrastructure and political instability. Subsistence agriculture and livestock production dominate the primary sector of the economy and account for 28.5% and 12.5% of the gross domestic product (GDP) respectively. CAR’s economy is vulnerable to external shocks and remains fragile due to consecutive conflicts. The country continually battles food insecurity and malnutrition, especially in the northern region where agricultural productivity is low and where there is poor access to health services and clean water. Climate change will further exacerbate development challenges in CAR, impacting agricultural production and food security significantly.

The Ministry of Environment, Ecology and Sustainable Development, Bangui, Central African Republic sets and modifies the policies necessary to accelerate the growth process for transformation into a sustainable economy. The mitigation and adaptation strategy of government of CAR is in step with the previous policies and the dynamic state of potential climate change impacts and natural hazards. CAR ratified the Paris Agreement on October 11, 2016 and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here