Country

Portugal

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Portugal.

Country Context

Portugal comprises three different areas: the mainland in the European Continent (the Mainland) and two archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean, the Archipelago of the Azores and the Archipelago of Madeira. Portugal’s territory has a total area of 92,226 km2 and a coastline of 2,601 km. Portugal’s population is estimated at 10.3 million (2015), of which 65.2% live in urban areas. In mainland Portugal, resident population is concentrated along the Atlantic coast. Since 2000 the Portuguese economy has been showing difficulties in ensuring economic growth, which was aggravated in 2008 by the international economic and financial crisis and forced a program of economic and financial adjustment. Since 2013 growth has restored reaching 2.7 % in 2017 (IMF). The climate in mainland Portugal is predominantly influenced by latitude, orography and its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. Since the mid-70s the average temperature has risen in all regions of Portugal at a rate of approximately 0.3°C per decade. Out of the ten warmest years, seven occurred after 1990, with 1997 being the warmest year. The last four decades have been continuously drier, the driest one being 2001-2010. Portugal submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015 and its Seventh National Communication in 2017.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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