Climate Change Overview

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Czech Republic's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Czech Republic's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.


The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,870 km2, among middle-sized European countries. Average elevation above sea level is 430 m, which exceeds the average European elevation of 290 m. The main European watershed traverses the country between the North, Baltic and the Black Sea. Woods cover 1/3 of the territory and significantly influence micro- and mezzo-climate. Most of the woodland (economically exploited monocultures with prevalence of spruce and pine populations) has been artificially planted and does not correspond to natural species compositions. The Czech population reached over 10.6 million (2020) of which 70% of the population lives in urban areas. The country’s economy is supported by its industry sector, contributing to 27% of the GDP in 2017.

The country is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change from increase in temperature, decrease in precipitation, and increase in the risk of frequent occurrence of extreme weather events. These will impact the country’s agriculture and forestry sectors and partly also effecting the state of health of the population.