Czech Republic

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Czech Republic.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Czech Republic's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications in the map below use observed, historical data (sourced from the Climate Research Unit [CRU]) and are derived by applying the Köppen-Geiger climate classification methodology. This classification divides climate into five primary climate groups, which are divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five primary groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates, except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter). It is important to understand the different climate contexts that exist within a country as well as the surrounding region when analyzing current climates and projected change. Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Czech Republic's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF


The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,870 km2, among middle-sized European countries. Average elevation above sea level is 430 m, which exceeds the average European elevation of 290 m. The main European watershed traverses the country between the North, Baltic and the Black Sea. Woods cover 1/3 of the territory and significantly influence micro- and mezzo-climate. Most of the woodland (economically exploited monocultures with prevalence of spruce and pine populations) has been artificially planted and does not correspond to natural species compositions. The Czech population reached over 10.6 million (2020) of which 70% of the population lives in urban areas. The country’s economy is supported by its industry sector, contributing to 27% of the GDP in 2017.

The country is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change from increase in temperature, decrease in precipitation, and increase in the risk of frequent occurrence of extreme weather events. These will impact the country’s agriculture and forestry sectors and partly also effecting the state of health of the population.