Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Togo.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Togo's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Togo's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Togolese Republic (Togo) is located in West Africa on the Atlantic coast of the Gulf of Guinea. The country encompasses rolling hills (the Chaîne du Togo) in the north, a southern plateau (Ouatchi Plateau or Terre de Barre), and a low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes. A number of lakes dot the Togolese landscape, the largest being Lake Togo. Considered to be one of the poorest countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, over 61% of the population lives below the poverty line, a situation more acute in rural areas. Undernourishment afflicts 64.2% of the population, and the poor lack reliable access to education, health, electricity, and drinking water. The country’s poverty is in part due to the political turmoil it experienced between 1991-2006 when per capita incomes fell by 20%. In addition to widespread poverty, environmental problems and population growth continue to hinder advancements in development. Togo’s natural resources are being depleted rapidly with devastating consequences for the ecosystem.

The Ministry of the Environment and Forest Resources established the Environmental Directorate to help Togo combat climate change, implement sustainable development strategies and coordinate the mechanisms defined in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The main national laws adopted in relation to climate change are: Law 2008-005 (May 2008) enacting the framework law on the environment replacing the Environmental Code and Law 2008-009 (June 2008) enacting the Forest Code. Togo ratified the Paris Agreement on June 28, 2017 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here