Country

Gambia, The

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Gambia, The.

Country Context

The Gambia lies on the West Coast of Africa and is bordered by the Republic of Senegal and the Atlantic Ocean. The country runs along The Gambia River for 450 kilometers, which bisects the country into a northern and southern region. Savannah and low hills flank the river and the highest elevation is 53 meters above sea level. The services sector is the largest contributor to economic output comprising 58% of the gross domestic product, agriculture accounting for 30%, and industry 12%. 44% of the country’s workforce is employed within the agricultural sector, which provides an estimated two-thirds of household income. Such a heavy reliance on agriculture causes The Gambia to be vulnerable to variations in weather and price shocks. Additionally, the economy is relatively undiversified leaving it highly vulnerable to external shocks.

The Climate Change Priority Action Plan (CCPAP) of Gambia has identified twenty-four cross-sectoral activities that contribute to mainstreaming of climate change into the national development process. The CCPAP will also lead to the development of a Low Emissions Carbon Development Strategy that will allow Gambia to continue to follow a green economic development pathway. Relevant national policies are driven by the government’s long-term strategy of Vision 2020 for the country. Gambia ratified the Paris Agreement on November 7, 2016 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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