Gambia, The

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Gambia, The.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Gambia, The's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Gambia, The's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Gambia lies on the West Coast of Africa and is bordered by the Republic of Senegal and the Atlantic Ocean. The country runs along The Gambia River for 450 kilometers, which bisects the country into a northern and southern region. Savannah and low hills flank the river and the highest elevation is 53 meters above sea level. The services sector is the largest contributor to economic output comprising 58% of the gross domestic product, agriculture accounting for 30%, and industry 12%. 44% of the country’s workforce is employed within the agricultural sector, which provides an estimated two-thirds of household income. Such a heavy reliance on agriculture causes The Gambia to be vulnerable to variations in weather and price shocks. Additionally, the economy is relatively undiversified leaving it highly vulnerable to external shocks.

The Climate Change Priority Action Plan (CCPAP) of Gambia has identified twenty-four cross-sectoral activities that contribute to mainstreaming of climate change into the national development process. The CCPAP will also lead to the development of a Low Emissions Carbon Development Strategy that will allow Gambia to continue to follow a green economic development pathway. Relevant national policies are driven by the government’s long-term strategy of Vision 2020 for the country. Gambia ratified the Paris Agreement on November 7, 2016 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here