Country

Kuwait

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Kuwait.

Country Context

The State of Kuwait is located in Western Asia at the tip of the Persian Gulf. Kuwait is one of the most urbanized countries in the world with over 98% of its population living in cities. The country’s economy is dominated by petroleum, which accounts for more than 40% of nominal gross domestic product and 95% of export income. Economic diversification is key to sustaining Kuwait’s economy and will depend on increased growth in non-oil sectors. Poor soils and harsh climatic conditions render agriculture as one of the worst performing sectors, leading to a heavy dependence on food imports. Water resources are scarce and groundwater is rapidly depreciating due to over-extraction. Kuwait’s arid land coupled with its flat landscape puts it at risk of floods, desertification, and sand and dust storms. Increased severity and harsh climatic conditions might increase the formation of sand dunes, sand encroachment and dust storms.

Kuwait’s Environment Public Authority (EPA) is the lead governmental agency and authority for environmental management and climate change-related activities in Kuwait. The Kuwaiti parliament recently adopted the Environment Protection Law No. (42) for the year 2014, amended by Law No. (99) for the year 2015, where the law is aimed to protect the environment. The country has also developed a National Strategy and Action Plan (NSAP) for long term greenhouse gas mitigation. Kuwait’s vulnerability to climate was examined relative to two key sectors, coastal zones and water resources. (Initial National Communications, 2012) Kuwait has submitted its first Nationally Determined Contribution in 2016.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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