Country

Rwanda

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Rwanda.

Country Context

Rwanda is a landlocked country located in central Africa just south of the equator. The country has a tropical climate that is moderated by hills and mountainous regions and has a dense hydrological network that includes the Congo and Nile basins. Subsistence agriculture dominates the economy and represents about 92% of the active populations’ employment. Therefore,  climate change poses a significant threat to growth and poverty reduction. Agriculture, together with forestry and fishing activities, contributes 39% of gross domestic product. Agricultural activities have caused considerable environmental degradation due to overexploitation of soil. Rwanda's Vision 2020 states that the country wants to shift away from subsistence agriculture toward a knowledge-based and service oriented economy with a strong and productive market-based agricultural sector. The country has seen development progress since the end of the 1994 genocide and civil war, but poor infrastructure, lack of access to electricity, limited generation capacity, and dependency on foreign oil all pose as constraints to growth.

The Ministry of Natural Resources is responsible for climate change related policies in Rwanda and released the National Strategy for Climate Change and Low Carbon Development in 2011. The document aims to achieve energy security through a low carbon energy supply, sustainable land use and water resource management, appropriate urban development, preservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and improved health and disaster risk reduction. To achieve these objectives the document sets out 14 programs of action and a roadmap for their implementation. Rwanda ratified the Paris Agreement on October 6, 2016 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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