St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for St. Vincent and the Grenadines's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of St. Vincent and the Grenadines's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a small country located in the Eastern Caribbean, consisting of over 30 islands, inlets and cays. These islands are part of the Windward Island chain of the Lesser Antilles. It has year-round warm and humid conditions associated with the tropics. The main island is mountainous and rises 1,234 m to the volcanic cone of Soufriere. From Soufriere, the rugged hills slope to the sea and then collapse to several little islets and cays that form the Grenadines. Out of the total population, about 91% live on mainland Saint Vincent and the rest live on the Grenadines. The country’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture and tourism, but the agriculture sector has declined by about 7.4% since 1990. Banana is the most important agricultural commodity and accounts for the major percentage of agricultural exports.

St. Vincent and the Grenadines has assigned staff and resources from the Ministry of Health and the Environment to implement the Climate Change Work Programme. A National Environmental Advisory Council has also been established. The country adopted an Energy Action Plan to achieve an energy efficiency target for 2025 with related policies for implementation. For adaptation, the country has adopted a National Economic and Social Development Plan, 2013-2025. St. Vincent and the Grenadines ratified the Paris Agreement on June 29, 2016 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.