Country

India

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting India.

Country Context

India is the seventh largest country in the world, and the second most populous, home to 1.3 billion people in 2017. Lying between the Himalayas and the Indian Ocean, India contains diverse ecosystems and cultures. Its geography includes mountainous terrain, northern plains, peninsular plateau, coastal plains, island groups, and deserts, with many different climates, great biodiversity, and rich natural resources. Around 47% of the population of India is dependent on agriculture as their main livelihood, though its contribution to GDP is declining, constituting 15% in 2016. The services sector accounts for 61% of GDP, while industry contributes 23%. Key issues confronting the Indian government include ensuring equitable and environmentally sustainable growth, fostering faster creation of good quality jobs, addressing environmental stressors such as land degradation, poor air quality and unsustainable groundwater use, as well as strengthening implementation of flagship government programs. As of 2014-2016 an estimated 14.5% of the population remained undernourished.

Climate change is a major challenge for developing nations like India, threatening to enhance risks already elevated by high levels of social vulnerability and climate variability. In its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), India sets out plans for a major transformation of its economy, committing to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33% from 2005 levels by 2030. Furthermore, the nation aims to enhance investments in development programmes in sectors vulnerable to climate change, particularly agriculture, water resources, coastal economies, and health.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

Explore further

Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

Explore further

Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

Explore further

Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

Explore further