Country

Greenland

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Greenland.

Country Context

With an area of 2,166,086 km2, Greenland is the world's largest island. It extends over almost 24 latitudes. Greenland is covered by the Greenland ice sheet, a continuous, slightly convex ice sheet that covers 85% of the island and reaches heights of more than 3,000 m above sea level. Greenland’s coastal line stretches 44,087 km and is dominated by deep fiords and archipelagos. The population of Greenland is around 55,860 (2017) and lives mainly in the coastal regions, where there is little ice. Access to open waters implies good opportunities for fishery, hunting and transportation by sea, which are all important to Greenland society. The fishing industry is of immense importance to the economy of Greenland, as fish and seafood are the only large-scale export from Greenland. Indeed, a 1% increase in the export value of fish and seafood leads to a 0.29% increase in Greenland’s GDP . The climate in southwest Greenland is low-Arctic. Projections of future climate change using global and regional climate models towards the end of the century show general temperature increases of 5-7°C, which is significantly above the increase in mean global temperature (Seventh National Communication, 2017).

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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