Country

Switzerland

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Switzerland.

Country Context

Switzerland, located in the center of Europe, extends from 45°49’ to 47°48’ N and from 5°57’ to 10°30’ E. It covers an area of 41,285 km2, comprising 31.3% forests and grove, 35.9% utilized agricultural area, 7.5% built-up and 25.3% unproductive surface. While the built-up area is relatively small, it increased by 23% between 1985 and 2009, and continues to expand mainly at the expense of utilized agricultural area. At the end of 2015, Switzerland had a population of 8,327,126, of which 78% live in urban areas. Switzerland has a prosperous open economy dominated by the services sector which contribute to 77% GDP. The Alps, running from south-west to east, act as a major climatic divide. Since the beginning of temperature measurements in Switzerland in 1864, the average annual temperature has risen by 1.75°C. In the Alps, the glaciers have been retreating at an accelerating pace since 1980. Since 1999 alone, glaciers have lost over 12% of their volume. If the warming continues, only a fraction of the current glacier cover will be left by the end of the 21st century with large impacts on the seasonal availability of water for drinking water, agriculture and power generation (Seventh National Communication, 2017). Switzerland submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in 2015, in which it commits to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by 50% in 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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