Country

Burkina Faso

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Burkina Faso.

Country Context

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country located in the middle of the West African Sahel region. With limited natural resources and a highly variable climate, Burkina Faso struggles to provide its dense population with food security and economic opportunity, and 46% of the population falls below the poverty line. One of the smallest economies in the world, Burkina Faso is deeply dependent on agriculture, with roughly 80% of employment linked to subsistence farming, though the country’s soils are largely degraded. When rainfall declines, dust storms occur, or temperature spikes, food supplies/yields are immediately affected. Burkina Faso is prone to chronic drought, flash floods, wind storms, and disease outbreaks. Measures to improve water retention and cultivation resilience to climate variation have started, but remain local and small scale. Low agricultural productivity continues to impede the nation’s growth; therefore, major efforts to increase technical capacity, financial lending, water storage, crop diversification, and soil restoration are necessary. 

Burkina Faso’s National Assembly on the Environment and Sustainable Development recommended the development of a National Sustainable Development Policy (NSDP) accompanied by a law. Prepared in 2013, the NSDP is an effective framework for the Strategy for Accelerated Growth and Sustainable Development (SAGSD). This economic framework document, together with “Outlook Burkina 2025” contribute to place the concept of sustainability at the heart of public action. Burkina Faso ratified the Paris Agreement on November 11, 2016 and submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution. 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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