Burkina Faso

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Burkina Faso.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Burkina Faso's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Burkina Faso's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country located in the middle of the West African Sahel region. With limited natural resources and a highly variable climate, Burkina Faso struggles to provide its dense population with food security and economic opportunity, and 46% of the population falls below the poverty line. One of the smallest economies in the world, Burkina Faso is deeply dependent on agriculture, with roughly 80% of employment linked to subsistence farming, though the country’s soils are largely degraded. When rainfall declines, dust storms occur, or temperature spikes, food supplies/yields are immediately affected. Burkina Faso is prone to chronic drought, flash floods, wind storms, and disease outbreaks. Measures to improve water retention and cultivation resilience to climate variation have started, but remain local and small scale. Low agricultural productivity continues to impede the nation’s growth; therefore, major efforts to increase technical capacity, financial lending, water storage, crop diversification, and soil restoration are necessary. 

Burkina Faso’s National Assembly on the Environment and Sustainable Development recommended the development of a National Sustainable Development Policy (NSDP) accompanied by a law. Prepared in 2013, the NSDP is an effective framework for the Strategy for Accelerated Growth and Sustainable Development (SAGSD). This economic framework document, together with “Outlook Burkina 2025” contribute to place the concept of sustainability at the heart of public action. Burkina Faso ratified the Paris Agreement on November 11, 2016 and submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution.