Country

Djibouti

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Djibouti.

Country Context

Djibouti is a small country located in the Horn of Africa. The country’s terrain is interspersed with plateaus and plains as well as mountains and is largely made up of volcanic formations. Due to its geographical position between three strong nations, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia, and its strategic value as a port, Djibouti plays an important role in international economics and politics. In the rural areas, 96.5 percent of the rural population lives below the poverty line. In the past decades, Djibouti's economy has experienced many political crises and economic and natural shocks that have deteriorated the country's competitiveness. The country’s agricultural and industrial sectors are underdeveloped, but represent key livelihoods. Djibouti is vulnerable to extreme events such as droughts, floods, earthquakes, volcanoes, and fires, and the country’s large coastal population means that it is highly vulnerable to sea level rise.  

The Republic of Djibouti is preparing to launch its green economy strategy, the aim of which is to encourage the use of low carbon technologies. This strategy will be developed for the economy’s key sectors, in line with the long-term vision for the country. Djibouti is also in the process of developing a national strategy on climate change, which will draw on both the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) and the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), adopted in 2006. Djibouti ratified the Paris Agreement on November 11, 2016 and the country's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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