Country

Brazil

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Brazil.

Country Context

Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world. A significant portion of the country’s population live in poverty. The country’s population has grown tremendously with an almost four-fold increase since 1950. Brazil’s economy is ranked eighth in the world, and is the largest economy in Latin America. The country is among the largest and most efficient producers of various manufactured products, including cement, aluminum, chemicals, petrochemical, feedstock, and oil. Important economic sectors in Brazil include manufacturing, mining, commercial agriculture, forestry and tourism. Due to its geographical extent and varied topography, Brazil has a diverse climate ranging from equatorial in the north to temperate in the south. Brazil also has great biodiversity associated with its diverse ecosystems, with the Amazon rainforest hosting the maximum range of biodiversity on Earth. The rainforest is particularly threatened by the impacts of climate change.

The National Policy on Climate Change, put in place in 2009, aimed at the reconciliation of social and economic development and provides for implementation of measures to promote adaptation to climate change in Brazil. All policies, measures and actions to implement Brazil’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution are carried out under the National Policy on Climate Change, the Law on the Protection of Native Forests, the Law on the National System of Conservation Units and related legislation. The Ministry of Environment is responsible for developing, implementing, monitoring and evaluating the Climate Plan. Brazil ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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