Country

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Country Context

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is a lower middle-income country in the Western Balkans in Central Europe. The country has a total surface area of 51,209 km2 and shares boarders with Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro, and has a boarder on the Adriatic Sea. Its location on the Balkan Peninsula places it within the Adriatic basin and Black sea basin. The country’s topography is largely hilly to mountainous with an average altitude of 500 m and a maximum altitude of 2,400 m. Of the country’s total land area, approximately 5% is lowlands, 24% hills, 42% mountains, and 29% karst regions. BiH also has a large network of transboundary rivers and tributaries. Total population of BiH is 3.5 million (2017) and is currently declining at -0.3% annual (2017). BiH has experienced steady population growth rate decline since the mid 2000s. BiH has a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $18.17 billion (2017), growing at a rate of 3.0% in 2017; the economy is dominated by industry, agriculture and exports. As of 2016, the unemployment rate for the country fell slightly to 25.4%.

BiH is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified agriculture, hydrology and water resources, energy, transportation, health, forests and biodiversity, and tourism as highly vulnerable sectors to climate change. BiH submitted its Third National Communication (NC3) in 2016. Adaptation plans in Bosnia and Herzegovina center on coping with drought and flooding. Measures under consideration include modifications in crop rotation, the application of new technologies to improve soil structure, the installation of windbreaks and the establishment of a drought early warning system.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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