Country

Comoros

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Comoros.

Country Context

The Union of Comoros is a small archipelago in the southwestern Indian Ocean nestled between the coast of East Africa and Madagascar in the Mozambique Channel. Comoros is composed of three islands: Grande Comore, Mohéli, and Anjouan, and is made up of diverse coastal and marine environments from low coasts to cliffs, mountains, and an active volcano. The economy is dominated by the primary sector, which employs 70-80% of the active population, and contributes to 51% of gross domestic product. The agricultural sector is primarily focused on the production of Comoros’ three primary export crops (vanilla, cloves, and ylang-ylang). Poverty is widespread throughout the Comoros, with 45% of the population living below the poverty line. Lack of employment opportunities is a large contributor to poverty and remains a significant development challenge. The country is already witnessing climate change and has identified sectors that are especially vulnerable: agriculture/food security, coastal zones and marine ecosystems, water resources, and public health.

The National Council for Sustainable Development, created in 2013, in collaboration with other Ministries, is the key coordinating body to formulate climate change policy in Comoros, based on the national adaptation program of action, the strategic program framework on the natural environment and accelerated growth strategy and Sustainable Development (SCA2D) for 2015-2019. Comoros ratified the Paris Agreement on November 23, 2016 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here (in French). 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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