Country

Liberia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Liberia.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Liberia's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Liberia's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.


Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Liberia is situated in the center of the Upper Guinea Rainforest Region along the West Coast of Africa.  This region is one of the most biologically diverse originally covered by continuous, dense tropical rainforest. Liberia has made significant economic and development progress since the end of its civil war in 2003. However, the country remains fragile and highly vulnerable due to high levels of inequality, unemployment and poverty, with limited access to basic services such as water, sanitation and energy.   Liberia has a population of 4.7 million people with a current population growth rate at of 2.5% (2017). The country has a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $2.16 billion, growing at a rate of 2.5% in 2017.  The country has experienced highly volatile, yet positive growth rates since the early 2000s. Liberia’s GDP is dominated by the agriculture sector (inclusive of fishing and forestry), which accounts for 34.2% of GDP and the industry sector (including mining, construction, electricity, water and gas), which contributes 12.2% of GDP.

Liberia has a predominantly equatorial climate, with three distinct topographical belts. The low coastal belt is about 40 km wide, and constitutes tidal creeks, shallow lagoons, and mangrove marshes. Moving inward, the second belt includes rolling hills that reach elevations of 60–150m (200–500 ft.). The third belt, comprises the bulk of Liberia, is marked by abrupt changes of elevation in a series of low mountains and plateaus, which are less densely forested. Liberia submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC in 2015.  The country has identified urban and coastal development, sea level rise, and potential salinization of coastal areas as key areas for climate change adaptation portfolios.