Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Malta.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Malta's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Malta's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Maltese archipelago consists of six islands namely Malta, Gozo, Comino, Cominotto, Filfla and St. Paul’s Islands. The latter three are uninhabited. The Archipelago is located in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea and the main islands Malta, Gozo and Comino cover a total land area of approximately 320 km2 and a 140 km coastline. Total population amounted to over 410,290 in 2017. Malta is one of the most densely populated countries in the world (1,250 inhabitants per km2) where land is a scarce and its diminution or impoverishment arising out of climate change could have significant effects. The Maltese economy is highly dependent on foreign trade, services and tourism. Taken together, services accounted for more than three quarters of the GDP since 2006, industry and construction account for 20% and agriculture and fishing for 2.5%. The climate of the Maltese Archipelago is typically Mediterranean, with distinct winter and summer season i.e. mild, rainy winters and dry, hot summers. The Republic of Malta ratified the Paris Agreement on March 1994 and submitted the Second National Communications and its Nationally Determined Contributions as part of the European Union.