Country

Malta

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Malta.

Country Context

The Maltese archipelago consists of six islands namely Malta, Gozo, Comino, Cominotto, Filfla and St. Paul’s Islands. The latter three are uninhabited. The Archipelago is located in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea and the main islands Malta, Gozo and Comino cover a total land area of approximately 320 km2 and a 140 km coastline. Total population amounted to over 410,290 in 2017. Malta is one of the most densely populated countries in the world (1,250 inhabitants per km2) where land is a scarce and its diminution or impoverishment arising out of climate change could have significant effects. The Maltese economy is highly dependent on foreign trade, services and tourism. Taken together, services accounted for more than three quarters of the GDP since 2006, industry and construction account for 20% and agriculture and fishing for 2.5%. The climate of the Maltese Archipelago is typically Mediterranean, with distinct winter and summer season i.e. mild, rainy winters and dry, hot summers. The Republic of Malta ratified the Paris Agreement on March 1994 and submitted the Second National Communications and its Nationally Determined Contributions as part of the European Union. 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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