Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Norway.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Norway's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Norway's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Norway is located in Northern Europe. It shares borders with Sweden, Finland, Russia, the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Norway has a total area of 323,781 km2 and a mainland coastline of more than 2,500 km long, excluding fjords and bays. With 5.3 million inhabitants, Norway has the lowest population density in Europe after Iceland. The large majority of the Norwegian population is settled along the coast and the fjords, and an increasing percentage, about 80% of the population lives in urban settlements. Norway is a small, open and integrated economy. Exports constitute over a third of the Norwegian GDP which is estimated at $381 billion (2017). The petroleum industry has for several decades been a key driver for economic growth in Norway. In 2016, the production of crude oil and natural gas accounted for 15% of the Norwegian GDP. A continuously stricter global climate policy and an ever faster technological development changes the overall conditions for Norwegian business. Norway is committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 (Nationally Determined Contribution, 2016). Most of Norway has a maritime climate with mild winters and cool summers. Because of the influence of the North Atlantic Ocean, Norway has a much warmer climate than its latitudinal position would indicate. During 1900-2016, the annual mean temperature in Norway has increased by about 1.1°C (Seventh National Communication, 2018).