Country

Gabon

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Gabon.

Country Context

Gabon is located on the coast of West Africa along the equator, with its western boarder along the Atlantic Ocean, south of the Bight of Biafra. The country has a surface area of 268,000 km2, with forests covering 85% of the territory. Gabon’s terrain includes a narrow coastal plain, with central African mangroves, a hilly interior and savanna grassland and forest in the east and south. It is a sparsely populated country with 2 million people (2017) and a population growth rate of 2.3%. Gabon’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was more than $14.6 billion (2017), with a current annual growth rate of 1.1%. The country has one of the highest urbanization rates in Africa (87%). It is the fifth largest oil producer in Africa and has experienced strong economic growth over the past decade due to its oil and manganese production. Over the past five years, the oil sector has accounted for 80% of exports, 45% of GDP, and 60% of budget revenue. 

Gabon is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified agriculture, water resources, forestry, infrastructure, energy and health among the most vulnerable sectors. Gabon submitted its Second National Communication (2011) and its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in 2016. Gabon has identified effective adaptation and mitigation strategies through the development of green industry, eco-tourism and energy-efficient construction mechanisms. The country is also making efforts to strengthen education, training and public awareness of climate change and to enhance public and economic resilience to expected impacts.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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