Country

Gabon

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Gabon.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Gabon's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Gabon's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.


Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Gabon is located on the coast of West Africa along the equator, with its western boarder along the Atlantic Ocean, south of the Bight of Biafra. The country has a surface area of 268,000 km2, with forests covering 85% of the territory. Gabon’s terrain includes a narrow coastal plain, with central African mangroves, a hilly interior and savanna grassland and forest in the east and south. It is a sparsely populated country with 2 million people (2017) and a population growth rate of 2.3%. Gabon’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was more than $14.6 billion (2017), with a current annual growth rate of 1.1%. The country has one of the highest urbanization rates in Africa (87%). It is the fifth largest oil producer in Africa and has experienced strong economic growth over the past decade due to its oil and manganese production. Over the past five years, the oil sector has accounted for 80% of exports, 45% of GDP, and 60% of budget revenue. 

Gabon is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified agriculture, water resources, forestry, infrastructure, energy and health among the most vulnerable sectors. Gabon submitted its Second National Communication (2011) and its first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in 2016. Gabon has identified effective adaptation and mitigation strategies through the development of green industry, eco-tourism and energy-efficient construction mechanisms. The country is also making efforts to strengthen education, training and public awareness of climate change and to enhance public and economic resilience to expected impacts.