Country

Argentina

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Argentina.

Country Context

Argentina is located at the southern cone of South America between latitudes 20° and 60°. It is bordered by Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia and the South Atlantic. It is endowed with vast natural resources within its 2.7 million km2 with ample fertile plains, pasture, and arable land, minerals and metals, natural gas and energy. Argentina is considered a high-income economy and one of the largest economies in the region with a GDP of $600 billion in 2016 and a population of 44.3 million in 2017. The country has experienced several economic expansions and contractions in recent year and has recently experienced a period of economic growth. The majority of the population in 2017 was urban (92%). About 38% of the urban population, 15.5 million people, lived in Buenos Aires in 2017. In 2017, Agriculture contributed 5.6% of value added (% of GDP) and manufacturing contributed 13%. Service industries are the highest value added contributors to GDP (57%) followed by industry (22%).

Argentina has a strong economic and cultural connection with agriculture, 54% of land is agricultural land. Agriculture and animal husbandry, fragile ecosystems, and urban areas are especially vulnerable to changes in temperature and precipitation expected in connection to climate change. Argentina identified adaptation priorities through the country’s Nationally Determined Contribution in 2015 (NDC, 2015). Adaptation priorities include improving early warning and response systems to natural hazards, improve sustainable management of native forests, increase irrigation and water resource management, improve crop management, reduce vulnerabilities, and promote biodiversity and conservation.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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