Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Liechtenstein.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Liechtenstein's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Liechtenstein's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Principality of Liechtenstein is located between 47°02' and 47°16' N and 9°28' to 9°38' E. It is situated in the heart of Europe, between Austria and Switzerland, and covers an area of 160 km2. A high mountain range (the Alps) in the east constitutes the natural border to Austria and the River Rhine marks the border to Switzerland. At the end of 2015, Liechtenstein had a population of 37,622, a third (34.0%) of whom were foreign citizens (especially Swiss, Austrians, Germans and Italians). Liechtenstein’s GDP (PPP) is estimated at $4.8 billion and GDP per capita (PPP) at $139,100. According to economic sector, goods production generated 41% of gross value added in 2014, general services 27%, financial services 25%, and agriculture and households 7%. Liechtenstein has a continental climate, i.e., the weather varies considerably over the course of the year. Liechtenstein submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution in 2015 and its Seventh National Communication in 2017. In 2018, Liechtenstein developed its National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy which identifies the relevant impacts related to climate change and defines measures to limit or avoid negative impacts.