Country

Bolivia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Bolivia.

Country Context

The Plurinational State of Bolivia, formerly known as the Republic of Bolivia, is a landlocked country located in central South America between the Andes and the Amazon. Due to remarkable elevation changes throughout the country, Bolivia has a varied topography and a wide range in climate. Lake Titicaca, South America’s largest lake, is also situated in Bolivia and is famous as one of the highest commercially navigable lakes in the world. Bolivia also has more than 14,000 kilometers of navigable rivers. The country is highly dependent on the exploitation of natural resources, such as agriculture, mining and hydrocarbons, which account for more than 40% of economic activity and almost 80% of exports. Agriculture, forestry and fishing employ nearly 44% of Bolivia’s workers. In the highlands region, the dominant economic activity for most of the agricultural workers is subsistence farming. The country still hosts a great deal of poverty, with poverty levels hovering around 39%.

The government of Bolivia believes the planet is an entity with inherent rights to be protected by states. The legislature has adopted the same ideology and passed the Rights of Mother Earth Law in 2010 and The Mother Earth Law and Integral Development to Live Well Law in 2012. Under The Mother Earth Law, a government authority is established to oversee the implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation principles, called the Plurinational Authority of Mother Earth and operating within the Ministry of Environment and Water, which also includes a Sub-Secretary of Climate Change. Bolivia ratified the Paris Agreement on October 5, 2016 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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