Country

Monaco

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Monaco.

Country Context

The Principality of Monaco is a landlocked state in French territory along the Côte d'Azur, halfway between the city of Nice and the Italian Border. Monaco is the second smallest independent state and the most densely populated country in the world with its entire population living on 2 km2. The topography of the Principality comprises a mountainous cirque dropping down to the Mediterranean Sea. The country’s entire territory is urbanized and forms the centre of an economic urban area which also includes neighboring French towns. Monaco’s GDP in 2015 amounted to 5.6 billion euros, an increase of 5.4% compared to 2014. Financial and insurance activities, which contribute to 16.8% GDP; scientific and technical activities, administrative and support services contribute to 14.9%; and construction contributes to 12.7%. Monaco’s population has been steadily increasing since 1990, reaching 37,550 in December 2016.  Monaco benefits from a Mediterranean-style temperate climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, humid winters. Monaco’s average annual temperature is 16.5°C (1981-2010) and average annual rainfall is 735.5 mm with a characteristic distribution of the Mediterranean climate with the highest rainfall in autumn and spring. Monaco submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in 2015 and its Seventh National Communication in 2018.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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