Country

Pakistan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Pakistan.

Country Context

Pakistan is characterized by diverse topography, ecosystems, and climate zones. Rich in natural resources, including fertile agricultural lands, natural gas reserves, and mineral deposits, Pakistan faces challenges in balancing competing objectives between economic development and environmental protection. A semi-industrialized country, Pakistan has grown from a primarily agricultural-based to a mostly service-based economy (with services constituting 56.3% of GDP in 2017). As of 2017, agriculture was still the largest employer, occupying 42.3% of the workforce. As of 2013, approximately 29.5% of the population still lived below the national poverty line and as of 2016, 19.9% of the population remained undernourished. The majority of Pakistan’s 190 million people live along the Indus River, an area prone to severe flooding in July and August. Major earthquakes are also frequent in the mountainous northern and western regions.

The Government of Pakistan established the Ministry of Climate Change and issued its first National Policy of Climate Change in 2012. The National Climate Change Policy recognizes that while Pakistan is working on a strategy that seeks to conserve energy, improve energy efficiency and optimize fuel mix to support global efforts for reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, the more immediate and pressing task is to prepare itself for adaptation to climate change. Pakistan ratified the Paris Agreement on November 10, 2016 and its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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