Country

Thailand

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Thailand.

Country Context

Thailand lies in the southeastern part of the Asian mainland. Located in the tropical region, Thailand has a climate that is relatively warm throughout the year. The agricultural sector contributed 10.5% to 2014 gross domestic product, the industry sector 36.9% and the service sector 52.7%. The 2015 population in Thailand was 68 million. The proportion of the urban population to the total population has also gradually increased following the expansion of the economy. Land is an important natural resource that supports the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors. In December 2004, a magnitude 9.3 earthquake triggered the Indian Ocean tsunami that hit Thailand, killing over 250,000 people and causing billions of dollars of damage. In areas where natural buffer zones remained inland territories were protected by large mangrove forests that dulled the wave’s impact and dissipated its energy. Climate change threatens all key sectors of Thailand’s economy: agriculture, tourism, and trade.

The first five-year national strategy on climate change in Thailand was released in 2008. Currently, the second five-year strategy is in place. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment’s Office of Natural Resources & Environmental Policy and Planning is responsible for preparing and coordinating the strategy. In addition, the country has also prepared a Climate Change Master Plan that provides a framework for all adaptation, mitigation and capacity building policies and action plans for climate change from 2012-2050. Thailand ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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