Country

Bulgaria

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Bulgaria.

Country Context

Bulgaria is a country with a total area of 111,000 km2 located in the Eastern Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe neighbored by Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey. The Black Sea is a natural eastern border while the Danube river separates the country from Romania in the North. The country is characterized by diverse topology that includes 31% lowlands (0-200m), 41% hills (200-600m), 25% highlands (600-1600 m) and 3% mountains (>1600m). Bulgaria is classified as an upper-middle-income country with a population of 7.1 million, which has been decreasing since 1998, and a GDP of 55.8 billion USD in 2017, a 3.6% increase from 2016. In 2016, 74.3% of the population lived in urban areas while 25.7% lived in rural areas.

The National Adaptation Strategy has the following sectoral scopes: agriculture, forestry, biodiversity and ecosystems, water, energy, transport, infrastructure and construction, urban environment, human health, and tourism. Bulgaria submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution as part of the European Union in 2016 (NDC, 2016). The country’s diverse climates, geographical location, and priority economic sectors as well as social vulnerability make the country vulnerable to climate change.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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