Country

Bangladesh

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Bangladesh.

Country Context

Bangladesh is located in a low-lying delta, formed by the dense network of the distributaries of the mighty Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Meghna, between the Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal. The country consists mostly of low and flat land and a network of more than 230 major rivers and their tributaries. Bangladesh has a population of about 150 million and one of the highest population densities in the world. The country is also one of the most vulnerable in the world to natural calamities like cyclones and floods. In fact, 60% of the worldwide deaths caused by cyclones in the last 20 years occurred in Bangladesh. The Bangladeshi economy is based predominantly on agriculture, forestry, and fishing, though recently it has diversified to include manufacturing. Overall, climate change is expected to decrease agricultural gross domestic product by 3.1% each year—a cumulative US$36 billion in lost value-added for the period 2005-2050.

The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF) is the coordinating agency of the Central Government on all matters related to environment and sets the climate change strategy for the country. The government has developed Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP) and National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) in 2009 to respond to climate change induced development risks and National Plan for Disaster Management (NPDM) in 2010 to respond to disaster risks. These strategies are supported by the Perspective Plan of Bangladesh (2010-2021) and the Sixth (and forthcoming seventh) Five Year Plan. Bangladesh ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and their Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here.
 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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