Country

Lebanon

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Lebanon.

Country Context

Lebanon is located on the eastern basin of the Mediterranean Sea. Dominated by mountains, 67% of the country’s total land is arable and 13% is forest. The economy is dominated by the service sector, which contributes 45% of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). In light of recent rising world food prices and the effects of climate change on agriculture, the country is likely to face serious food shortages in the near future. Degraded sandy soils contribute to dust and sand storms, which are hazardous to humans and livestock. Signs of water shortages are evident due to increased demand from agriculture and industry. Weak institutional structures, policies and legislations, limited access to new technologies, skills and technical resources are some of the factors that hamper Lebanon’s ability to address the current challenges, especially in relation to water, agriculture, forests and coastal areas.

The Ministry of Environment is the focal point for all climate policies and coordination with domestic stakeholders and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change on issues germane to environment and climate change. The country of Lebanon has conducted a national level greenhouse gas emissions inventory, has implemented a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) that stresses the transport, energy, waste, forestry, and industry sectors. Lebanon has yet to ratify the Paris Agreement as of March 2018, but the country's associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

Explore further

Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

Explore further

Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

Explore further

Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

Explore further