Country

Indonesia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Indonesia.

Country Context

The Republic of Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic state, consisting of more than 17,500 islands and covering over 81,000 kilometers of coastline. These islands are home to an extremely varied geography, topography, and climate, ranging from sea and coastal systems to peat swamps and montane forests. Today, Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous nation, the world’s 10th largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity, and a member of the G-20. Despite gains in poverty reduction over the past few decades, high population density and rapid industrialization, coupled with strong dependence on the country’s resource base, make Indonesia vulnerable to projected changes in climate. The Asian Development Bank estimates that by 2100, the impacts of climate change will cost between 2.5-7% of the gross domestic product (GDP), and the poorest will bear the brunt of this burden.

The first national strategy on climate change was developed by the Ministry of Environment in 2007. The strategy aims to support economic activity through resilience measures for livelihoods, strengthen ecosystem sustainability and make urban and coastal areas more resilient to impacts of climate change. Indonesia is one of the top ten emitters of greenhouse gas emissions. In light of this, Indonesia ratified the Paris Agreement on October 31, 2016. In its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), the country pledges to unconditionally reduce emissions by 29% by 2030 compared to a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario. The NDC highlights “improved land use and spatial planning, energy conservation and the promotion of clean and renewable energy sources, and improved waste management” as priorities for adaptation.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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