Country

Armenia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Armenia.

Country Context

Armenia is a land-locked country of the Caucasus region between Europe and Asia. The majority of the country is at high altitude (over 1,000m above sea-level) including Lake Sevan a freshwater lake which, at 5,000km2, spans approximately one sixth of the nation’s area.  As of 2017 Armenia’s population was estimated at 3.0 million and its GDP at $11.6 billion. Around one third of the nation’s population live in its capital city Yerevan. Over the past decade the economy of Armenia has transitioned from industry-dominated to service-dominated. As of 2016 the service sector constituted 48.8% of the labor force. Agriculture remains a major employer with a labor market share of 35.3% while around 18% of the workforce is unemployed. Poverty persists, affecting around 30% of the population.

Finance and management of climate change issues and projects is integrated across multiple agencies and relevant sectors of the Armenian government, with reporting responsibilities falling on the Ministry of Nature ProtectionThe process behind the development of Armenia’s National Adaptation Plan has been documented by UNDP here. A range of concerns are raised by this rapid rate of climate change, including for the rural and highlands communities, as well as in the areas of water resources management and agricultural management. Armenia has signed and ratified the Paris Climate Agreement and its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC, 2015). The key sectors identified for adaptation action include: natural ecosystems, human health, water resources management, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries, energy, human settlements, and tourism.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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