Country

Nepal

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Nepal.

Country Context

Nepal is a landlocked, mountainous country located in the Himalayas between India and China in South Asia. The terrain is generally mountainous and contains many of the world’s highest peaks, including Mount Everest (8848 m). Small-scale, subsistence agriculture is the mainstay of Nepal’s economy, employing 78% of the country’s workforce, and most of the population lives in rural areas. Water and forests are Nepal has abundant natural resources, with freshwater (derived from glaciers, snowmelt, and rainfall) accounting for 2.27% of the total world supply. Nepal’s varied topography and social vulnerability make the country particularly susceptible to geological and climate-related disasters. A general lack of effective response mechanisms and strategies for dealing with natural disasters exacerbates this vulnerability. High-resource dependent livelihoods are the norm in Nepal, and socio-economic data all point to a limited capacity to adequately address future climate change risks.

The Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment is the focal point to develop, update and implement climate related policies in Nepal. Nepal’s Climate Change Policy (2011) includes objectives such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions by promoting the use of clean energy, enhancing adaptation and the capacity of local communities for optimum use and management of natural resources and sets a low-carbon growth path by pursuing climate resilient socioeconomic development. Nepal ratified the Paris Agreement on October 5, 2016 and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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