Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Tajikistan.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Tajikistan's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Tajikistan's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Republic of Tajikistan is a land locked country in Central Asia. Mountains occupy about 93% of the terrain, with altitudes ranging from 984 feet to 24,589 feet. Nearly 50% of Tajikistan's territory lies at elevations greater than 10,000 feet above sea level. Tajikistan has about 1,300 lakes, and the principal rivers of Central Asia, the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya, both flow through Tajikistan. Glaciers occupy about 6% of the total country area. These serve an important function by retaining water, controlling flows and regulating the climate. Glaciers and permafrost are the main source of water recharging the Aral Sea river basin. About 70% of the Tajikistan population is involved in agriculture, which accounts for about 25% of the gross domestic product. The country has large deposits of natural resources such as water, coal, oil, gas, mercury, gold, silver, salt, limestone, marble, and clay. Water resources are used to generate about 95% of all electricity.

The Ministry of Energy and Water Resources is the state executive body leading the implementation for a unified state policy for the fuel and energy sectors, management of water resources and promoting the use of renewable energy in Tajikistan. The Ministry is directly involved in climate change issues for implementing functions related to the Clean Development Mechanism of Kyoto Protocol and coordination with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Tajikistan ratified the Paris Agreement on March 22, 2017, and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.