Country

Tajikistan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Tajikistan.

Country Context

The Republic of Tajikistan is a land locked country in Central Asia. Mountains occupy about 93% of the terrain, with altitudes ranging from 984 feet to 24,589 feet. Nearly 50% of Tajikistan's territory lies at elevations greater than 10,000 feet above sea level. Tajikistan has about 1,300 lakes, and the principal rivers of Central Asia, the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya, both flow through Tajikistan. Glaciers occupy about 6% of the total country area. These serve an important function by retaining water, controlling flows and regulating the climate. Glaciers and permafrost are the main source of water recharging the Aral Sea river basin. About 70% of the Tajikistan population is involved in agriculture, which accounts for about 25% of the gross domestic product. The country has large deposits of natural resources such as water, coal, oil, gas, mercury, gold, silver, salt, limestone, marble, and clay. Water resources are used to generate about 95% of all electricity.

The Ministry of Energy and Water Resources is the state executive body leading the implementation for a unified state policy for the fuel and energy sectors, management of water resources and promoting the use of renewable energy in Tajikistan. The Ministry is directly involved in climate change issues for implementing functions related to the Clean Development Mechanism of Kyoto Protocol and coordination with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Tajikistan ratified the Paris Agreement on March 22, 2017, and its Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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