Country

Egypt

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Egypt.

Country Context

The Arab Republic of Egypt spans the northeast corner of Africa the southwest corner of Asia, thereby linking Africa with the Middle East. About 97% of the Egyptian population lives on 4% of Egypt’s total land area in the Nile Valley and Delta. The Egyptian terrain consists of a vast desert plateau that is interrupted by the Nile Valley and Delta. With no natural forest systems and most of the agriculture concentrated near the banks of the River Nile, agriculture remains the biggest employer (over 31.2% of the total population). Agriculture contributed 14% to GDP in 2009, and consumes about 80% of all freshwater resources. Egypt has developed an industrial plan aimed at achieving a gradual shift from resource based, low technology industries to medium and high technology industries. Most of Egypt’s population and infrastructure are concentrated in the Nile Delta and along the Mediterranean coast, which makes the country vulnerable to the impacts of sea level rise, particularly inundation and salt intrusion.

Egypt’s National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction was released in 2011. The Ministry of Environment’s Egyptian Environment Affairs Agency laid out the strategy covering two different scenarios of sea level rise. The document lays out the path to overcome the challenges raised by climate change and the estimates the investment required to reach the strategic goals. Egypt ratified the Paris Agreement on June 29, 2017 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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