Country

Guatemala

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Guatemala.

Country Context

The Republic of Guatemala lies in the heart of Central America. Much of the country is mountainous and dominated by a string of volcanic ranges. Guatemala is the largest economy in Central America, one of the most densely populated and one of the poorest countries in the region. More than half of Guatemala’s population lives in rural areas, and of that, 70 percent live in poverty. As a result of widespread deforestation and land degradation, slash-and-burn subsistence agriculture and overexploitation of water resources, Guatemalans rely on degraded natural resources and lands with low productivity, leading to increased food insecurity and vulnerability. Vulnerability is further increased by urbanization and rapid population growth, highly vulnerable physical structures, limited access to suitable water and health services, and low capacity to manage natural disaster risks.

The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN) is the lead agency on climate change. A National Climate Change Program, started in 2008, helps implement measures agreed under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The National Climate Change Policy (2009) lays out a political and legal basis for action and a framework Climate Change Law, adopted in 2013, recently created the National Climate Change Council, a collegial advisory body. The Council consists of public and private representatives and is overseen by the President. Guatemala ratified the Paris Agreement on January 25, 2017, and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here in Spanish. 
 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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