Country

Kenya

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Kenya.

Country Context

The Republic of Kenya is located across the equator in east Africa. Its tropical climate is moderated by its topography, which rises from coastal plains to the eastern edge of the East African Plateau and the Great Rift Valley. Kenya’s climate varies from tropical along the coast to arid in the interior. The major rivers in Kenya are the Tana and Athi that flow southeast to the Indian Ocean. Approximately 31 million Kenyans live in rural areas where the growth rate is about 2.2%, while the urban population is about 8 million, with a growth rate of about 4%. The Kenyan economy is market-based, with some state-owned infrastructure enterprises, and is highly dependent on rainfed agriculture and tourism. The agriculture sector employs about 75% of the country's population.

Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources is the key coordinating body to formulate climate and environmental  policies in Kenya. Kenya has developed a National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS 2010), National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP 2013) and a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) is under preparation, while a National Climate Change Framework Policy and legislation are in their final stages of enactment to facilitate effective response to climate change. Kenya ratified the Paris Agreement on December 28, 2016, and the associated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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