Country

Sao Tome and Principe

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Sao Tome and Principe.

Country Context

The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is located off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea about 300 kilometers off the African coast. The country is an island archipelago of volcanic origin that consists of two islands, São Tomé and Príncipe, and four islets, that are rich in forest and water resources. The tertiary sector accounts for the majority of the country’s gross domestic product at 66.4% and has been the main contributor to economic growth through activities such as trade, transport, warehousing, and communications, though the national poverty rate remains high at 61.7%. Job creation in tourism, increased private sector investment and initiatives, fisheries and agribusiness, and non-tourism services, will help alleviate poverty and create jobs, especially for their highly unemployed populations (women and youth). São Tomé and Príncipe remains fragile and vulnerable to many unpredictable shocks such as food shortages, climate change, and the recent global financial crisis.

The Ministry of Infrastructure Natural Resource and Environment’s General Directorate of Environment is responsible for the climate change related policies in Sao Tome Principe (STP). The country recently passed a National Programme for Food and Nutritional Security that makes reference to addressing climate change vulnerabilities. Sao Tome Principe developed the National Adaptation Porgrammes of Action on Climate Change (NAPA) in 2006 and ratified the Paris Agreement on November 2, 2016. The country's Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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