Sao Tome and Principe

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Sao Tome and Principe.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Sao Tome and Principe's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Sao Tome and Principe's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is located off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea about 300 kilometers off the African coast. The country is an island archipelago of volcanic origin that consists of two islands, São Tomé and Príncipe, and four islets, that are rich in forest and water resources. The tertiary sector accounts for the majority of the country’s gross domestic product at 66.4% and has been the main contributor to economic growth through activities such as trade, transport, warehousing, and communications, though the national poverty rate remains high at 61.7%. Job creation in tourism, increased private sector investment and initiatives, fisheries and agribusiness, and non-tourism services, will help alleviate poverty and create jobs, especially for their highly unemployed populations (women and youth). São Tomé and Príncipe remains fragile and vulnerable to many unpredictable shocks such as food shortages, climate change, and the recent global financial crisis.

The Ministry of Infrastructure Natural Resource and Environment’s General Directorate of Environment is responsible for the climate change related policies in Sao Tome Principe (STP). The country recently passed a National Programme for Food and Nutritional Security that makes reference to addressing climate change vulnerabilities. Sao Tome Principe developed the National Adaptation Porgrammes of Action on Climate Change (NAPA) in 2006 and ratified the Paris Agreement on November 2, 2016. The country's Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here