Country

Eritrea

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Eritrea.

Country Context

Eritrea is located in the Horn of Africa, lying between 12022′, and 18002′north and between 360 26′ and 43013′east. Sudan borders it in the west, Ethiopia in the south, Djibouti in the south east, and the Red Sea in the east. The country has a total land area of 124,300 km2, and a coast line of 1900km. Eritrea’s territorial waters in the Red Sea zone is about 120,000 km2.  It has diversified Eco geographic zones that provide unique habitat for the marine terrestrial fauna and flora.  In 2010, the population of Eritrea was estimated to be 3.2 million with an annual population growth rate of 2.9% and a per capita GDP is US$ 626, comprising of 65% living in the rural areas. The economic activity, for most of the population, mainly relies on rain fed agriculture and artisanal fisheries.

Eritrea is vulnerable to climate change and both the marine and terrestrial ecosystems have been negatively affected. Over the past 60 years temperature has risen by approximately 1.7°C with tremendous impact on biodiversity losses, sea level rise and coral bleaching due to increase in sea water temperature, decline in food production, loss of biodiversity and overall loss of resilience of the ecosystem. Hence, the country plans to adapt climate smart technologies to counteract the adverse impacts of climate change, so as to improve the health and social wellbeing of the population (Nationally Determined Contribution, 2015). 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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