Country

Austria

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Austria.

Country Context

Austria is a land-locked country located in southern central Europe, between 49°01' and 46°22' N and from 9°32' to 17°10' E, covering part of the eastern Alps and the Danube region. Austria’s total surface area covers 83,858 km2 with a share of 37.5% settlement area. Austria’s GDP (PPP) reached $441 billion and GDP per capita (PPP) $50,000 in 2017. Economic growth strengthened in 2017 at 2.9% mainly due to an 8.2% increase in exports. Austrian exports contribute to 60% GDP. Austria’s total permanent population reached 8.74 million inhabitants in 2016 and one fifth of all Austrians (1.7 million) live in Vienna. Austria is expected to be very vulnerable to a climatic change given that ecosystems in mountainous regions are highly sensitive and About 70% of Austria’s surface is situated higher than 500 m above sea level.

Austria can be divided into three climatic zones: the eastern part shows a continental Pannonian climate (mean July temperature >19°C, annual rainfall < 800 mm), while the central Alpine region has the characteristic features of the Alpine Climate (high precipitation, short summers, long winters). The remaining part of the country belongs to the transitional central European climatic zone, which is characterized by a wet and temperate climate (mean July temperature o f14–19°C, annual precipitation of 700–2000 mm). Austria submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC as an EU Member State in 2015, and its Seventh National Communication in 2018.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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